Kingston and Arthur’s Vale Historic Area, World Heritage Site

Hazard Scoping Study

Department of Infrastructure, Regional Development and Cities

Norfolk Island, Australia

Kingston and Arthur’s Vale Historic Area (KAVHA), on Norfolk Island, is one of Australia’s World Heritage Convict Sites. This cultural landscape, with its historic colonial-era buildings, archaeological ruins and museums, draws many visitors. GML provided risk assessment, preparedness and mitigation advice for the site and its rich heritage.

The Department of Infrastructure, Regional Development and Cities engaged GML to identify hazards that may affect KAVHA and the safety of staff, local residents and visitors there.

GML and its multidisciplinary team—comprising cultural landscape, architectural and engineering experts—undertook a detailed hazard scoping study. Using historical data and an extensive site survey, we identified potential natural and human hazards, both fast and slow onset, that pose a threat to the property, its heritage values, significant features, occupants and visitors.

Risks associated with climate change and extreme weather events (severe storms and ex-tropical cyclones) resulting in flash floods and storm surge, as well as earthquakes, building fires, water quality and vehicles, were considered alongside provision of safe access to the buildings and site. The study considered the exposure and vulnerability of KAVHA’s heritage to the various hazards, as well as risks to people.

GML and its team provided strategic heritage advice in prioritising, managing and mitigating risks to, and within, the World Heritage property.

World Heritage Site, Kingston and Arthur's Vale Historic Area

World Heritage Site, Kingston and Arthur's Vale Historic Area